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Clifford Chance s Antitrust Co-Chair On Invisible US Firms in Brussels, Big Tech and Strumming the Banjo

Clifford Chance’s Antitrust Co-Chair On ‘Invisible’ US Firms in Brussels, Big Tech and Strumming the Banjo

Thomas Vinje reflects on three decades of working as a competition lawyer and how Brussels’ legal industry has changed.

июля 12, 2021 at 01:30 AM

Linda A. Thompson More from This Author

Полный мрак

«В темноте?!» — это, пожалуй, самый странный ресторан в Москве. Здесь предлагают есть в кромешной темноте. Аналогичные заведения существуют в Париже, Лондоне, Цюрихе и Берлине. Московский ресторан в открыл по франчайзингу Игорь Медведев — по профессии врач-офтальмолог. Идея проекта — предоставить возможность зрячим людям соприкоснуться с миром людей, лишенных зрения. В ресторане работают незрячие официанты (окончившие специальные курсы в Лондоне), которые так легко ориентируются в полной темноте «Темной комнаты», что кажутся зрячими. А посетители на время обеда, который длится около полутора часов, как бы теряют зрение, потому что в «Темной комнате» не видно решительно ничего — не только соседей и еды на тарелке, но и собственных рук, поднесенных чуть ли не вплотную к носу.

У ресторана «В темноте?!» есть свои правила, которые можно прочесть еще перед входом. Сообщается, что потребление спиртного в «Темной комнате» ограничено, что в посещении ресторана могут отказать людям в нетрезвом состоянии. Также в «Темной комнате» запрещено курить и пользоваться мобильными телефонами — телефоны, равно как и сумки, зажигалки и светящиеся в темноте часы, перед входом в «Темную комнату» нужно запереть на ключ в деревянный шкафчик. Прежде чем погрузиться во мрак, посетители прослушивают краткую лекцию — происходит это в освещенном баре на первом этаже. Менеджер еще раз объясняет правила, предупреждает, что в «Темной комнате» ведется видеонаблюдение. Здесь же гости выбирают одно из четырех «Меню-сюрпризов». «Белое», которое может включать в себя все продукты без ограничения (вкусовые предпочтения, религиозные ограничения и возможные аллергические реакции оговариваются тут же), «Красное» — с мясом, но без морепродуктов, «Синее» — с морепродуктами, но без мяса, и «Зеленое», то есть полностью вегетарианское. Каждое меню состоит из трех блюд (закуска, горячее блюдо и десерт) и оценивается в 1700 руб. Затем нужно спуститься в подвальное помещение и избавиться от посторонних вещей, которые могут помешать приобретению «нового сенсорного опыта». Встречает официант, который предлагает гостям выстроиться друг за другом, положив руку на плечо впереди стоящему. «Паровозик» во главе с официантом «въезжает» через портьеры в кромешный мрак и гробовую тишину «Темной комнаты». Официант помогает сесть на невидимый стул за невидимый стол. Рассказывает, что на столе стоят невидимая тарелка, стакан для воды, бутылка воды, лежат невидимые приборы. И, оставляя вас «акклиматизироваться», уходит за первым блюдом. А вы остаетесь наедине с соседями — благо не в одиночестве пришли, и со своими переживаниями и ощущениями — мягко говоря, не из приятных. Темнота такая, что начинает мутить. И появляется желание выйти отсюда как можно скорее. Но любопытство побеждает.

Когда официант приносит закуски (мы заказали «Белое меню»), оказывается, что приборы, в общем-то, совершенно ни к чему, потому что есть в полной темноте без определенных навыков возможно только руками. На ощупь. Осторожно ощупываешь закуску — корзинка, в корзинке что-то холодное. Рядом что-то горячее и шероховатое. Легко опознаются только листья рукколы. Корзинка хрустит и пахнет пармезаном. От холодного остается послевкусие баклажана. Горячее мягкое и жирное. Общими усилиями приходим к выводу, что это панированный эскалоп фуа-гра и сырная корзинка с баклажанным соте. Фуа-гра невкусная. Отодвигаешь ее на край тарелки, пальцами проверяешь, все ли ингредиенты продегустированы. Все. Вздыхаешь с облегчением. Наливаешь и выпиваешь воды. Через некоторое время приносят горячее. Продолжается процесс. «Что это? — Мясо.— Какое? — Говядина, по-моему.— Да нет, это не говядина. Это свинина.— А у меня говядина! — Подожди, у меня вроде тоже есть говядина! Поищи свинину! — Да нет у меня свинины, у меня есть креветка. Даже две.— А посередине что? Пюре какое-то сладкое!» — и т. п. Убедившись, что испробовано все, снова испытываешь облегчение. Остается только десерт. Огромный кусок пирога. С ягодами. С дольками чего-то цитрусового, кажется грейпфрута. С семечками — кажется маракуйи. С соусами — кажется ягодным и карамельным. Снова пробуешь по чуть-чуть. Отодвигаешь тарелку.

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Официант провожает к выходу. Свет слепит глаза. Достаешь вещи, поднимаешься в бар. Выясняешь, что же все-таки было в горячем блюде. И какой был соус к фуа-гра. Оказывается, в темноте запросто можно перепутать яблочный соус и соус из свеклы и манго. Картофельное пюре с пюре из тыквы. Даже свинину с ягненком, не говоря уже о грейпфруте с памеллой. В Париже Dans le Noir?! посещают за год около 35 тыс. человек. Видимо, французам до темноты в глазах надоели обычные рестораны. У нас, слава богу, такой проблемы нет.

How to stand out in a virtual interview

Once you have your quiet corner with reliable internet picked out and a laptop charged and ready, you’re almost ready to wow your interviewer. But consider these things for the big dance:

  • Look into the webcam! I know that might feel unnatural, but it will give the interviewer the sense that you’re making eye contact and paying attention to what they’re saying.
  • Don’t move! Okay, so that’s not entirely reasonable, but try not to fidget, swivel your chair, type on the keyboard, or leave the frame of the video chat. It’s distracting and feels off-putting.
  • Set any note-taking expectations. Taking notes during an interview is encouraged, but if you plan to type notes on the same device from which you’ll be taking the call, let your interviewers know so they’ll know you aren’t being rude or distracted.
  • If something happens with the connection, be honest! Everyone understands that a video call can have some glitches, so it’s always okay to ask someone to repeat something because the screen froze temporarily.
  • Have fun. Smiling, laughing, and showing you’re enjoying the video chat are absolutely encouraged.

The 4 Main Types of Posture

Posture is the position of your body when you’re standing or sitting. It describes how your spine is aligned with your head, shoulders, and hips.

There’s no “perfect” posture, just as there are no perfect bodies. Good posture refers to having a neutral spine, where your muscle groups, joints, and ligaments are aligned in a way that reduces stress on them, keeps your body flexible, reduces fatigue, and helps maintain your balance.

If your posture is out of alignment, it can lead to:

  • muscle or joint strain
  • neck, head, or back pain
  • possible injury during exercise, work, or other activities

Bad or out-of-alignment posture is common. It can affect your appearance, self-confidence, and general well-being. The good news is that you can improve your posture with exercises and, if necessary, posture aids.

Here are four common types of poor posture and what you can do to correct or compensate for them.

It’s easy to develop a habit of bad posture without thinking about it. You may spend a long time leaning over a small screen, slouching in a chair, or carrying a heavy backpack when you walk. Or you may use repetitive motions in your workplace.

After a while, all of these factors can lead to bad posture.

Being overweight or pregnant, or wearing poor quality shoes or high heels, can also lead you to develop bad posture.

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You may be born with scoliosis (an abnormally curved spine) or one leg shorter than the other, which can affect your posture.

Here are four common types of poor posture.

Forward head

Forward head posture is when your head is positioned with your ears in front of the vertical midline of your body. If your body is in alignment, your ears and shoulders will be lined up with your vertical midline.

Tech neck, text neck, and nerd neck are other names for forward head posture. It often comes from hunching over a cell phone or computer, or your steering wheel if you drive a lot.

It can also result from the aging process, as you lose muscle strength in your upper body.

Kyphosis

Kyphosis refers to an exaggerated curvature of your upper back (the thoracic spine) where the shoulders are rounded forward. It’s also called hunchback.

Osteoporosis (bone thinning) can cause the shoulders to round as your spinal bones weaken with age. It’s frequently seen in older women. Other age-related causes include degeneration of your spinal disks or vertebrae.

Younger persons may develop kyphosis as a result of diseases such as polio or Scheuermann’s disease, infection, or chemotherapy or radiation to treat cancer.

Swayback

Swayback, also called lordosis or hyperlordosis, is when your hips and pelvis tilt forward, in front of your body’s midline.

In this position, your lower back has an exaggerated inward curve. You look like you’re leaning back when you’re standing up, with your stomach and your rear sticking out.

You can develop swayback if you sit a lot, which tightens the muscles in your back. Sitting for prolonged periods can also weaken your abdominal muscles and glutes. In both cases, the core muscles that stabilize your back become weak.

Other causes may be obesity, injury, neuromuscular conditions, and abnormalities of your spine and vertebrae.

Flatback

Flatback is a condition where the normal curve of your lower spine loses some of its curvature. Your lower back looks straight and you stoop forward.

It can be present at birth, or it can result from some kinds of back surgery or degenerative conditions of the spine, including ankylosing spondylitis (inflammatory arthritis), disc degeneration, and vertebrae compression.

Flatback can make it painful for you to stand for long periods.

  • Poking chin. Sitting in a chair that’s too low and leaning forward to see your screen or looking up at a screen that’s placed too high can result in a chin that pokes forward.
  • Uneven shoulders or hips. You may tilt to one side when you stand if one leg is longer than the other. It may also affect your gait.
  • Military-style posture. Here your back is ramrod straight and your chest is thrust forward.

The optimal or efficient type of posture has your spine in alignment with your head and your limbs.

From the side, it should look like a plumb line from your head would go through the middle of yours ears and shoulders and just behind the center of your knee and in front of the center of your ankle.

It’s what’s meant by the phrase “standing up straight.”

Physically, proper spinal alignment means that your muscles and bones are in balance, protecting your body against injury or stresses that might cause degeneration of muscles or joints. It helps your body work more efficiently in keeping you upright against the force of gravity.

Bad posture can lead to many kinds of physical problems, from back pain to pain in your temporomandibular joint, to lack of balance and foot pronation.

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Here are some specific effects for each type of misalignment.

Forward head posture

The effects of a forward head posture range from neck pain, stiffness, and headache to an association with higher mortality rates for elderly men and women.

Text neck tightens muscles and their supporting ligaments and tendons in the front of your neck, and at the same time lengthens the muscle structure at the back of your neck.

A small 2019 study of healthy college students found that a forward head posture decreases the lower thorax (mid-spine) mobility, leading to decreased respiratory function.

The more you lean forward, the more head weight and strain you exert on your spine. The effect can be dramatic.

A 2014 study calculated the force in pounds of flexing the neck forward to different degrees.

In a neutral posture, your head weighs 10 to 12 pounds. When your forward posture is 15 degrees out of alignment, the force on your spine increases to 27 pounds. At 45 degrees forward, it increases to 49 pounds, and at 60 degrees forward, it increases to 60 pounds.

Kyphosis

Kyphosis is a more extreme form of forward head posture. The degree to which you’re hunched over determines the amount of pain and dysfunction you’ll experience from this misalignment.

When you’re severely hunched over, it’s harder to walk, and you have an increased risk of falls and injuries. Older women with hyperkyphosis have a 70 percent increased risk of fracture.

Kyphosis affects mobility and mortality in older people. In our aging population, kyphosis is estimated to affect 20 to 40 percent of older men and women, and the angle of kyphosis continues to increase as you age.

Swayback

When your spine is in the swayback position, it may cause back pain that affects your ability to move.

Swayback also increases your risk of developing back and hip injuries and other musculoskeletal injuries, such as disc degeneration. You may have pain in your neck and lower back.

Flatback

Flatback syndrome may make it hard for you to stand up without pain in your thighs and pelvic area. You may also have neck and back pain.

Pain and fatigue can increase the longer you keep standing. Walking may also be difficult, giving you leg pain and a feeling of weakness.

A first step in correcting your posture is to become aware of everyday habits that may be affecting how you stand, sit, or lie down. In other words, pay attention and be mindful of what you are doing in your daily activities.

Sometimes the “cure” is simple:

  • Change the configuration of your work station.
  • Change your chair and the way you sit.
  • Change the position in which you look at your cell phone.
  • Buy a new mattress.

You can find some specific tips for avoiding or fixing tech neck here and here.

Other general fixes include:

  • Instead of high heels, opt for flats, wedges, or other more supportive footwear. more deeply.
  • Practice walking properly.

If your poor posture is bothersome or noticeably problematic, see a doctor or other healthcare professional to determine what’s causing the problem. They may diagnose an underlying condition that can be treated, such as osteoporosis or arthritis.

Stretching

They may also advise you to see a physical therapist. A physical therapist can help you develop a routine of stretches and exercises for strengthening the muscle groups that will help you stand or sit properly. Yoga may also help.

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A physical therapist can check your posture and monitor whether you’re doing the exercises correctly.

There are many exercises and stretching routines that have proven helpful for posture and balance. You’re likely to find some that suit your schedule and ability.

Posture correctors

For some types of posture problems, your doctor or physical therapist may advise you to use a posture corrector appliance. For example, a posture brace and taping may help reduce hyperkyphosis. Or a shoe lift can help equalize your leg length to improve your gait and help you stand straighter.

Proper spine alignment, keeping your ears in line with the midline of your body, is the most efficient posture for conserving energy and not stressing any muscle groups.

But developing habits that lead to bad posture is easy, especially for people who sit at a computer all day or spend hours looking at a cell phone.

The aging process also can lead to bone loss and posture problems as you lose the capability of support in some muscle groups.

Bad postures all involve taking the spine out of its neutral alignment position. Having a forward head is a common bad posture. Others include swayback and flatback.

Most posture problems can be solved by stopping poor habits and starting stretching and strengthening exercises that target the support muscles that are weak.

Overview

In an isometric muscle contraction, the muscle fires (or activates with a force and tension) but there is no movement at a joint.

In other words, the joint is static; there is no lengthening or shortening of the muscle fibers and the limbs don't move.

In this type of muscle contraction, there is no change in the length of the muscle fibers themselves, and there is also no movement at the joints, but the muscle fibers still fire.  

A good example of an isometric exercise includes pushing hard against a wall or doing a wall sit exercise (sitting with your back against the wall, knees bend as though you are sitting in an invisible chair). While the muscles are still being activated, firing forcefully, and potentially being stressed, unlike a concentric or eccentric muscle contraction, there is no movement at the joints.

31-Day Wall Sit Challenge

I don’t know about you but I love wall sits. In the past, I have incorporated them as active rests in a lot of my workout. For the last few months, I had skipped them but missed out on the strength and rest they gave. So I started adding them back and decided that everyone should love them as much as I do.

These are great for a break during your workout, while still doing something that builds your strength. I love that these feel like I am just resting, but really I am focusing on core and leg strength. They aren’t easy for everyone starting out, but once you begin, they will really become a favorite addition to your daily workouts.

Who is This Challenge Good For?

This challenge was designed to be something that you do in addition to your normal workout (which is hopefully one of our workout plans!). We have 4, 6, and 12-week workout plans for all fitness levels!

These are excellent for helping you to sculpt the muscles of your butt, thighs, calves, and lower abs. The endurance you build will help to create stronger muscles and help you to lose stubborn belly fat. While it’s not a miracle exercise, it is a wonderful start to your fitness routine and helps build stronger core muscles.

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If you are advanced and this is too easy for you, you can double or triple each day. For those who find this is too difficult, you can cut the time down and work your way up. This challenge is totally customizable based on your fitness level.

What is a Wall Sit?

Confused about what a wall sit is or how to do a wall sit? It is exactly as it sounds and here’s how to do it:

  1. Stand with your back flat against a wall
  2. Walk your feet out so that when you sit down your legs are bent at a 90-degree angle
    1. Your feet will likely be about two feet in front of you and about shoulder-width apart
    1. Place your feet flat on the ground and your back and shoulders flat against the wall. Hold your stomach in the entire time you are in the wall sit position.

    female doing a wall sit against the gym wall

    More Fitness Challenge Ideas

    If you want to include more easy and simple challenges each day, make sure to check out our other fitness challenge options. We have something for every region of your body to help incorporate strength and endurance into your daily cardio routine.

    Tag us on Instagram and use the hashtag #heandsheeatclean so we can follow along!

    Looking for a printable version of the challenge? Sign up for our newsletter (we will never spam you!) and you will get a printable version of the Wall Sit Challenge for free!

    But what if your conference table has no end?

    Thanks to businesses looking to cultivate an environment that promotes creativity and encourages employees to speak their mind, traditional conference tables are being replaced with everything from oval and round to u-shaped designs.

    If your table is arranged in such a way that there is no seat at the end (e.g., a round or u-shaped table), the power seat would be the chair in the middle, facing the door. The rules for second in command hold true, as do those for the debater. However, depending on the table, the focal point may still reside directly opposite the power seat, or may not exist at all—in which case, if you’re looking to lead the discussion, you’ll just have to speak up.

    Now that we’ve mapped out where to sit, it’s just as important to pay attention to how you sit. A person’s body language speaks volumes, and you want yours to convey openness, eagerness and loyalty. To do so, it’s as simple as playing the “lava game”. Just like when you were a kid, pretending the floor was molten hot lava that you couldn’t touch, pretend the back half of your chair is hot lava. This will force you to sit towards the front of the chair, giving you two choices: sit up straight with good posture or lean slightly forward. Either way, you’ll look more engaged, which translates to trustworthiness and increases your likability. Conversely, sitting back and/or leaning back or to the side is the same as leaning away psychologically. Just like crossing your arms, these postures place an invisible barrier between you and other people, signifying disinterest.

    The next time you go to a meeting, ask yourself what you want to accomplish. With this newfound conference table consciousness, you can sit with confidence knowing that the nuances of seating symbolism are in your favor.

    Dustin York is the director of undergraduate and graduate communication at Maryville University.

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